Archive for the ‘Kaafir’ Category

A. No. he is not to be declared a disbeliever. The one who outwardly displays disobedience to Allaah is a Faasiq (criminal). We combat him, we warn against him, and we call him to make Tawbah (repentance). If he doesn’t make Tawbah we caus…e the people to leave him. However, we do not judge him to be a Kaafir. The one who drinks Khamr (intoxicants), or commits Zinaa (illegal sexual intercourse), or steals, this person is disobedient. This is unless he believes that these acts are permissible, then in that case, he would be a Kaafir. If he says: “Khamr is Halaal (lawful)”. We say: “You are a Kaafir”, end of the situation. If he says: “Zinaa is Halaal”, we say “You have disbelieved”. If he says “Ruling by other than what Allaah has revealed is permissible”, we say “You have disbelieved”. This is how the situation is Baarakallaah feekum.

As for the situation where the person says “I’m a Muslim”, and we see him pray, then is disobedient (for the committing of these sins), this is an individual that we do not declare to be a Kaafir, rather we say “He is disobedient” and we warn against him.”

Source: Fatwaa Fadeelatish Shaykh Al-Allaamah Rabee’ bin Haadi Umar Al-Madkhalee V.1 pg 134

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